Fluid Flow Control - Plunger / Piston Pump

To find what you are looking for within this pump and piping system fluid flow control equipment sourcing information website:
Please click on the symbols.


Plunger / Piston Pump Plunger / Piston Pump



































Wikipedia Plunger / Piston Pump

Its purpose is either to change the volume enclosed by the cylinder, or to exert a force on a fluid inside the cylinder.
Most pistons fitted in a cylinder have piston rings. Usually there are two spring-compression rings that act as a seal between the piston and the cylinder wall, and one or more oil control rings below the compression rings. Its purpose is either to change the volume enclosed by the cylinder, or to exert a force on a fluid inside the cylinder. The head of the piston can be flat, bulged or otherwise shaped. Pistons can be forged or cast. The shape of the piston is normally rounded (but can be different, see NR500 ). A special type of cast piston is the hypereutectic piston. The piston is an important component of a piston engine and of hydraulic pneumatic systems.

In an Otto or Diesel engine, the head of the piston forms one wall of an expansion chamber inside the cylinder. The opposite wall, called the cylinder head, contains inlet and exhaust valves for gases.

As the piston moves inside the cylinder, it transforms the energy from the expansion of a burning gas (usually a mixture of petrol or diesel and air) into mechanical power (in the form of a reciprocating linear motion). From there the power is conveyed through a connecting rod to a crankshaft, which transforms it into a rotary motion, which usually drives a gearbox through a clutch.

There are two ways that a piston engine can make power. These are the two-stroke cycle and the four-stroke cycle. A two stroke engine produces power every stroke, while a four stroke engine produces power every other stroke. Older designs of small two-stroke engines produced more pollution than four stroke engines, however modern two-stroke designs, like the Vespa ET2 Injection utilise fuel-injection and are as clean as four-strokes. Large diesel two-stroke engines, as used in ships and locomotives, have always used fuel injection and produce low emissions. One of the biggest internal combustion engines in the world, the Wärtsilä-Sulzer RTA96-C is a two-stroke; it is bigger than most two-story houses, has pistons nearly 1 metre in diameter and is one of the most efficient mobile engines in existence. In theory, a four stroke engine has to be larger than a two stroke engine to produce an equivalent amount of power. Two stroke engines are becoming less common in developed countries these days, mainly due to manufacturer reluctance to invest in reducing two-stroke emissions. Traditionally, two stroke engines needed more maintenance, even though they have less moving parts and tended to wear out faster than four stroke engines, however fuel-injected two-strokes achieve better engine lubrication and cooling and reliability should improve considerably.

A steam engine is another type of piston engine. In most steam engines, the pistons are double acting: steam is alternately admitted to either end of the cylinder, so that every piston stroke produces power.
Plunger / Piston Pump